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59th Independence News Nigeria Special Reports

Boko Haram and the Nigerian history

Nigeria has been confronted with different forms of security challenges since its independence. 

From the civil war, ethno-religious crisis, armed banditry, farmers/headers conflict and the decade long Boko Haram insurgency

As the country reflects on 59 years of self rule, NIgerians examine effort of the present administration in tackling the insurgency in the north east which is being considered as one of the protracted security challenge in the country’s history.

Security is one of the tripod of President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration since assuming the mantle of leadership in 2015. 

The Boko Haram insurgency stated in Borno State in 1999. Millions of people have been displaced and tens of thousands killed

Regarded as the most serious threat to the nations sovereignty, the armed forces took deliberate and decisive measures to contain the spread Boko Haram crisis, liberated more than half of the local government areas in Borno state under firm control of the insurgents which informed the commencement of Reconstruction and Resettlement of people displaced.

Similarly, the number of electotate that participated in the 2019 elections in their communities have scaled up when compared to 2015 where most of the elections were conducted in IDP camps in Maiduguri. 

After his re-election in 2019, President Muhammadu Buhari reiterated that the principle thrust of his new administration is to consolidate on the gains recorded in the fight against terror. 

Although the state still witness pockets of attacks, mostly from the northern part and other remote areas, security agencies prosecuting the war on insurgency have continued to review their strategy to counter the threat. 

The deafening sounds of explosions and gunshots are gradually fading away, economic and social activities are picking up and communities are becoming more resilient. 

Considering the fluid nature of the counter insurgency Operation, the military have evolved new tactics and strategy to end the conflict. 

Creation of super camps in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe have also bolster the offensive posture through increased air and ground operations in the hideouts of insurgents, thereby denying them freedom of action and logistics. 

Minister of Defence retired Major General Bashir Magashi during an operational visit to the theater said the troops have the capacity and capability to end the conflict in the north east. 

Civilian vehicular movements on the Konduga-Bama-Banki-Bama-Gwoza road and Maiduguri( from Moloi)-Damboa-Gwoza road was once prohibited.

The reopening of some major highways in Borno state like the Maiduguri-Bama-Gwoza, Maiduguri-Dikwa-Gamborun Ngala, Maiduguri-Monguno and Maiduguri-Gubio- Damasak which were hitherto closed down during the height of the crisis have resuscitated commercial and economic activities in the areas. 

Acknowledging the immense contribution of the military, Borno state Governor Professor Babagana Umara stressed the need to strengthen the capacity of the Civilian JTF, vigilantes and hunters to complement the effort of security agents in restoring civil authority in liberated communities. 

The federal government have also initiated a non kinetic approach Operation safe Corridor to de-radicalise repentant insurgents for possible reintegration in the society. 

Some residents of Maiduguri commended the effort of the military in restoring peace particularly in the metropolis and urged them to sustain the tempo.

With the renewed synergy among security agencies and information sharing strategy adopted between the civil population and Operation Lafiya Dole, it is hoped that the decade long crisis will soon end.

Dauda Iliya is a staff of Radio Nigeria. He has been covering the Boko Haram insurgency in Borno state.

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